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What is user engagement and how can you improve it?

When users are engaged with your site, they’ll spend more time sharing your content, signing up, and making purchases—strengthening your customer base and helping your business grow.

But customer needs change, and what kept your users engaged a few short months ago might not be enough to hold their attention now. By understanding and measuring user engagement, you can stay on top of what keeps visitors active on your site—and act quickly if their interest starts to fade.

Last updated

21 Sep 2022

Reading time

11 min


This article explains what user engagement is, why it’s important, and how to measure it. You'll also learn which steps to take to improve user engagement on your site, and apply our actionable tips to your business.

Want to improve user engagement on your website?

Hotjar’s tools tell you what your users really think about your site and services

What is user engagement?

User engagement is how valuable users find your product, based on how much they interact or ‘engage’ with your website or service. You can tell whether a user is engaged by their actions: they download your content, share it with others, click through to your pages, and interact with your product's tools and features. 

Why does user engagement matter?

Great user engagement is a crucial KPI for a more profitable business, showcasing that your product provides value and you’re on track to retain loyal customers—who are more likely to help you acquire new ones. 

Some companies might want to increase website traffic via their social media platforms, while others may want to increase brand awareness. No matter what your goals are for your marketing campaign, they all circle back to engagement.

When you craft a strong user engagement strategy:

  • Users experience more value in your product or service, faster

  • They’re more likely to return and make purchases, turning them into customers

  • Customers become advocates of your brand, leading to more users for your product or service

For example, if you're a software-as-a-service (SaaS) business, delivering a great user experience (UX) that promotes engagement could be the difference between someone casually signing up for a free version of your product and paying for the premium version. 

The difference between 'user engagement' and 'customer engagement'

User engagement is different from customer engagement: a user could be someone visiting your site for the first time, while a customer has already seen enough value in your product to pay for it.

You probably know more about your customers—like their name, address, payment details, demographic information, and which products they’ve purchased—which means you have a better sense of who they are and what they’re interested in.

User engagement applies to a wider range of site visitors you have less data about upfront. 

What affects user engagement?

Different factors affect user engagement, including how compelling your content is, how intuitive and engaging your UX and product experience (PX) are, and the quality and relevance of your overall user journey. 

But knowing which factors to focus on to boost user engagement ultimately depends on your job role and business objectives.

How user engagement looks for different roles and businesses:


For marketers, the most important aspect of user engagement is turning casual visitors into engaged users—and eventually into customers. 

To measure user engagement, marketers look at specific user engagement metrics that show whether their marketing campaigns are attracting attention and compelling users to engage. 

These include: 

  • Unique, new, and returning users

  • Engagement with new tools and features

  • Bounce rate

  • Customer retention and churn rates

Entrepreneurs, startups, and scale-ups 

For entrepreneurs and startups selling a product or service, increasing the number of users and keeping them active is essential for growth. To find out user engagement levels, the key metrics to set and measure are: 

  • Active users: those who’ve reached an engagement milestone by logging into your messaging system (for example, over the past week)

  • Engaged users: those who’ve moved on to the next level of engagement and log in every day, or use a specific number of features

Product and UX teams

Like marketers, product and UX teams seek to engage users, but their focus is on making improvements to the product and user experience, rather than the messaging.

User engagement metrics like active vs engaged users give product teams an overview of whether they've succeeded—or failed—to engage users. But to understand the big picture, you need to speak to your users and get contextual insights into your product experience

Web agencies 

For web agencies that design, build, and manage websites for other businesses, having access to user engagement data is essential to measure the value they’re creating. 

If you’re working as an external agency, focus on user engagement metrics that show you how users are experiencing your site and UX design, and how users are arriving on your site to determine the success of your marketing campaigns—email, paid-for ads, or SEO optimization.

Ecommerce businesses

For ecommerce businesses that rely on converting users into paying customers, understanding how users engage with customer journey touchpoints is essential to improve your revenue.

To understand where users become more engaged—or lose interest—on your ecommerce site, check metrics like time on page, clicks, and conversion metrics. Then use Hotjar (that's us👋) Surveys to ask users how they’re feeling at different points along the user path.

How can you measure user engagement?

The most important user engagement metrics to collect include:

  • Unique, new, and returning visitors

  • Pageviews/time on page

  • Scroll depth and clicks

  • Conversion/churn/abandonment rates

  • User behavior insights from session recordings and heatmaps (more about this below)

  • Voice-of-the-customer (VoC) feedback

Measure these different user engagement metrics to find out how many users are coming to your site, and how engaged they are when they get there. To complement this quantitative data, collect qualitative insights from user feedback and recordings to understand why users behave the way they do

User engagement tools help you collect and understand your metrics—and share them with other team members to get buy-in for product improvements. Let's take a look at how you can actively improve your user engagement rates:

6 steps for improving user engagement

The exact steps you take to improve user engagement will vary depending on your business type.

While a consumer-facing app will benefit from regular updates and new features to hold users’ attention, a SaaS business that relies on user signup may need to focus on a smooth trial and onboarding process to maximize conversions.

As you read through our list of tips, think of how you can adapt them to your specific product and user needs.

1. Know your audience

Understanding your users and their goals helps you tailor your products and content to their needs, compelling them to engage. Keeping the lines of communication open also helps you anticipate user engagement challenges and respond quickly.

You can better understand your audience with:

  • User personas: analyze data from users who’ve converted into customers to create user personas, which are semi-fictional characters based on your ideal customer. For each persona, think of their role, their jobs to be done (JTBD), and their main barriers to achieving them to focus your efforts on improving the experience for real people.

  • Social media engagement: monitor comments and feedback about your brand on social media, and engage with your users to find out what attracts them to your product—and what fails to get their attention

  • Surveys: find out how your users feel about a particular step in their customer journey. For example, if a user sets up your product but abandons onboarding, send them a Survey or email to ask why.

2. Improve your content

Creating high-value, thought leadership content on your blog posts and key pages helps you capture users’ attention, educate them on your solutions to their pain points, and teach them how to use your product or service.

The best types of content to engage users are:

  • Thought leadership pieces that draw in your audience and demonstrate your understanding of your industry

  • SEO-optimized content that gives your users valuable answers to their search queries

  • Case studies on how companies have successfully used your product

  • Video tutorials on how to set up and get the most out of your service

  • Interactive guides and a searchable knowledge base to teach users about your product—which will have the bonus of reducing pressure on support teams

  • Interviews with thought leaders and customers (either as articles or videos)

Get more ideas by looking at your competitors' websites to see how they’re engaging users through content, and where they might be missing opportunities.

💡Pro tip: to help users get the most out of your content, make it:

  • Easy to read with a conversational style that’s not overly technical or colloquial

  • Scannable with headings, bullet points, and numbered lists so the main information stands out

  • Visual with images, graphs, and tables to help communicate your main ideas

  • Personal for different types of users: for example, adapt your site to users in different locations by translating it into several languages, with diverse cultural references and localized pricing information.

Also, provide optimized landing pages for users who arrive at your site via different routes, so a user who searches for information about how to use your product gets taken straight to your support landing page.

To assess the success of your content, track metrics like time on page and conversion rates for particular landing pages. Also use tracking tools like Hotjar Heatmaps, which are free forever, to find out how far users scroll down a page and what they look at and click through.

3. Optimize website usability and performance

Providing a product experience that’s intuitive and reliable helps users get the most out of your website and encourages them to engage. In today’s competitive market, it’s easy to lose users to another service if yours has a clunky interface, slow load times, bugs, or other blockers. 

Running usability tests, staying up to date on website analytics, and identifying problems by watching recordings help you understand how users interact with your site, so you can quickly find and fix issues like broken links or non-clickable elements. 

How monitoring user recordings helps real-life companies improve engagement:

When their onboarding rates dropped from 75% to 37%, ClassHero’s sales manager realized there must be a technical problem behind it. 

The team watched Hotjar’s Session Recordings to uncover a glitch in their onboarding process.  By watching playbacks of user sessions on their website, they saw that when users entered their zip code, they were prompted with thousands of results that meant they had to scroll through hundreds of options. Many gave up and left the site. A quick redesign of the zip code field solved the problem and got users engaged again in just a week.

#Hotjar's Session Recordings let you see your users’ journey through your site.
Hotjar's Session Recordings let you see your users’ journey through your site.

4. Get user feedback

By constantly asking users for their opinions, you not only find out what they think of your product, but also show them how much you value their input

In addition to sending out surveys and holding customer interviews to ask regular users what they think of your current product and ideas for future changes, collect in-the-wild feedback from users as they progress through your site. For example, Hotjar’s Feedback widget lets users show you how satisfied they are, or get more specific and tell you about a problem they're experiencing and screenshot the area that's causing it.

You can also collect user feedback from emails, live chat support, and social media mentions to gauge user sentiment and understand which aspects of your website lead to positive or negative reactions from visitors.

#Find out what users really think about your site with Hotjar’s Feedback widget
Find out what users really think about your site with Hotjar’s Feedback widget

4. Implement user engagement campaigns

Designing specific campaigns as part of your user engagement strategy helps you spur your users into taking action and becoming part of a conversation on your website or social media channels.

Try user engagement campaigns like: 

  • A social media campaign that invites discussion on topics that interest your users and generates an online buzz around your product

  • Gamification of the online experience, for example, giving badges to users who perform specific activities on your site

  • Emails sent to lapsed users inviting them to come back to your website

  • A loyalty program that rewards users who make purchases or complete particular steps in user onboarding

Make sure you measure the success of your engagement campaigns through metrics and insights from users so you can refine future campaigns.

5. Test new updates and features

Standing still in today’s fast-moving online world isn’t an option; you either move backward or forward. That’s why you need to add new features and updates to keep up with website users’ needs and expectations.

Rather than guessing which new features your users want and hoping for the best, always test updates with a small audience before rolling them out. 

It’s been nearly 40 years since Coca-Cola made the biggest mistake in its history by launching a new flavor that no one liked, giving their rivals Pepsi a sales boost in the process. Digital products can also go spectacularly wrong if you don’t validate your ideas and initiatives with users. Run A/B testing on site redesigns and new features to ensure they meet your users’ needs before you run with them.

🔥Pro tip: use Hotjar Session Recordings and Heatmaps to add context to your new feature or update tests. 

Create a new variation of a feature like a drop-down menu for an ecommerce site. Then, watch how your test and control versions perform against each other with heatmaps and screen recordings of your users. You can filter recordings by geographical region, duration of visit, or user event to find out whether you’re all set to launch your update, or whether it’s time to go back to the drawing board.

6. Providing a great onboarding experience

Users starting their onboarding process are likely to be at their most engaged. That means you need to make a great first impression to show them the value of your site or product.

Developing a smooth user onboarding process can involve trial and error, so if you’re launching a new product be prepared to spend time checking in with users about their onboarding experience through interviews, online feedback, and surveys.

Creating a smooth onboarding flow will give users the confidence to use your tool, reduce pressure on support staff, and keep users engaged. Think of the onboarding process for Airbnb hosts: it guides users through the functions and benefits of the tool while helping them get their first property listed on the platform.

Giving users access to support when they need it during onboarding through well-designed chatbots and a searchable knowledge base will keep users engaged in the onboarding flow—and stop them leaving before they reach their ‘aha’ moment.

Turn casual visitors into engaged users and loyal customers

Understanding what user engagement is and why it matters helps you design a user engagement strategy that'll turn casual website visitors into active users—and your active users into loyal customers.

Creating a great product that meets your users’ needs is a great first step to capturing their attention. But you can’t just launch an amazing website and then sit back and watch your user engagement metrics soar—you need to constantly innovate, improve the product experience, and find out what your users are thinking and feeling by collecting feedback and UX insights.

Combine product innovation with a deep understanding of the user experience to create a product or service that boosts engagement and connects users with the true value your business offers.

Want to improve user engagement on your website?

Hotjar’s tools tell you what your users really think about your site and services

Frequently asked questions on user engagement